There six basic ribbon texture categories: organzas, satins, velvets, grosgrains, metallics, natural. There are also three basic types within each of these FinerRibbon.com fabrics: cut-edge, woven-edge, and wire-edge.
ORGANZAS (ORGANDY) RIBBONS
These are thin, sheer, and lightweight. Organzas are made with open, plain weave, very-fine and tightly twisted single cotton yarns. It is a delicate ribbon that is typically best suited for wrapping bombonieres and party favors. Some find that it can also add just a little something extra to stationery like greeting cards and paper invitations or can be just the right finishing touch to a bouquet or even a chair cover (as in a wedding, for example). For sturdy bows with organza ribbon, consider the wired edge (it will stabilize the bow’s shape).
The polyester-based satin is generally considered to be the most flexible—and less expensive than silk. Satin ribbons best work for logo or text printing (good for marketing). Cut-edge satin ribbons ravel at the horizontal side while woven-edge satin ribbons ravel at ends. You can prevent fraying by cutting an angle. Satin cords are made similarly, but shaped like a thin rope and can be another approach to embellishment.
among the most common ceremonial ribbons, velvet can really scale up an adornement. Easily a popular Christmas choice, nylon-based velvet is versatile and classy.
These are made from woven polyester blends that result in a ribbing effect. Most commonly, grosgrain ribbons are used in greeting card and accents for paper invitations; also common to scrapbooking and giftwrapping.
Obviously, these are comprised of a stiff, metallic material. The sturdiness means that bows made from metallic ribbons hold their shape, which is perfect for large adornements like on gift boxes or wreaths.
Common natural fabrics used to make ribbons include burlap and jute. Burlap, of course, is the very same fabric used to make very strong produce sacks. It is a fabric woven from the sisal fibers of the jute plant; sometimes these are combined with other vegetable-based fibers. As ribbon, burlap can add a rustic or truly handmade appeal, though they are not necessarily best if you want to make fancy bows that hold their shape.
Other natural fibers used to make ribbons include: cotton, raffia, hemp, and silk. Each, of course, achieves different aesthetics.